CD A0011: CPE Bach - 5 Flute Sonatas

Christopher Hyde-Smith & Jane Dodd

CD CoverChristopher Hyde-Smith and Jane Dodd, began their regular musical partnership in 1984, in this album they explore 5 flute Sonata by CPE Bach, as always expected and always delivered - an excellent body of work.

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Audio Samples

Track Listing

Sonata in D, H505 (Wq83) (?1717)
01 Allegro un poco
02 Largo
03 Allegro
Sonata in G, H508 (Wq85) (1754)
04 Allegretto
05 Andantino
06 Allegro
Sonata in C, H504 (Wq 73) (1745)
07 Allegro di molto
08 Andante
09 Allegretto
Sonata in G, H509 (Wq86) (1755)
10 Andante
11 Allegretto
12 Allegro
Sonata in E, H506 (Wq84) (?1749)
13 Allegretto
14 Adagio di molto
15 Allegro assai
Total running time 67:03

CD Notes & Credits

Sleeve Notes

The second son of J.S. Bach, Carl Philip Emmanuel Bach was born in Weirnar on 8 March 1714. In a short autobiographical sketch written in 1773 at the behest of the Englisly historian Charles Burney, Bach stated that his father, was his sole musical tutor and by the age of eleven he was reputed to be able to play the whole of his strict teacher's formidable keyboard output. In addition to such a thorough musical training Bach also received an excellent general education, initially at the Thomasschule in Leipzig (where his father had moved in 1721) and later at the Universities of Leipzig and Frankfurt an der Oder, studying law at both.

During the completion of his studies in Frankfurt Bach composed his earliest works and also, he tells us, directed concerts not only 'for a musical Akademie but also for all the public concerts on ceremonial occasions'. It was presumably such activities that by 1738 had brought him to the notice of the Crown Prince of Prussia, the future Frederick 11 (Frederick the Great) in nearby Berlin. An enthusiastic and capable composer and flautist, Frederick had already assembled a prestigious group of musicians around him that included J.J. Quantz, his music master, C.H and J.G. Graun and the Bohemian-born. brothers Franz and Johann Benda. On the verge of setting off on foreign travels in the company of a young gentleman, Bach cancelled his arrangements and accepted Frederick's offer to join his musicians as court accompanist, a more broadly based post than the description implies, since at various times he was called upon to act as teacher and also as a soloist at the chamber music concerts held at least three times a week at the King's palace, Sans Souci. But in general Bach, poorly paid and artistically under-valued, must have found his employment in Berlin little better than drudgery emphasised by a relationship between an absolutist King and his unusually well-educated musical servant that was never better than uneasy - Burney indeed claims that Frederick 'never was partial to Emanuel Bach, the greatest of them [the King's musicans] all'.

So why did Bach remain In Berlin so long? One of the answers is that it was not for Kant of attempting to leave. In 1753 he applied for a post In Zittau, following that two years later with an unsuccessful application for his father's old position of Thomaskantor in Leipzig, but it was not until March 1768 that Bach finally left Berlin to become Kantor and music director in Hamburg, succeeding his recently deceased godfather Telemann. There were also consolations in Berlin. Bach's duties at court allowed him time not only for composition (many of his greatest keyboard works date from this period) and the writing of this important and highly influential treatise Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments, but also to take sufficient pupils - among them his youngest brother Johann Christian - to supplement his meagre court income. The sheer diversity of cultural life in Berlin must too have been a considerable attraction, for by the middle of century Frederick had established Berlin as a centre of Enlightenment thought and ideas where Bach's closest friends included the poets Lessing, Ramler and Gleim. Although the five flute sonatas on the present disc all date from the long period of Bach's employment with Frederick, it must be doubted that they were commissioned by the King. His conservatism and lack of enthusiasm for Bach's music coupled with loyally insatiable demands on Kapellmeister Quantz to provide him with concertos and sonatas make it more likely that these sonatas of Bach's (who, unlike Mozart, had a great affection for the instrument himself) were composed for chamber gatherings away from official court functions. Despite this, and in common with most of Bach's chamber music, they are characterised by a conservative style that would have done little to offend Frederick's tastes, displaying few indications that they are the work of the composer of the boldly experimental keyboard works or the terse disruptive angularity frequently encountered in the outer movements of the symphonies.

The earliest work is the Sonata in C, Wq. 149 (73*) (Helm 573), composed in 1745 and originally a trio sonata whose Baroque style is at once evident from the canonic entry of the flute, driving rhythms and ritornello structure. This last characteristic is also a feature of the succeeding Allegretto that unusually ends each episode with a cadential point. The Sonata in D, Wq.83 (H.505) also betrays its early origins in the use of ritornello form and imitation in the outer movements, the bright allegro un poco opening nevertheless managing a nod in the direction of the more modern expressive style, a gesture quite absent from the long, calmly flowing Largo that follows. For long stretches of the movement the harpsichord part pursues an important independent line, evidence of a tendency for accompanied sonatas to become increasingly keyboard-led. Like Wq.149, the Sonata in E, Wq.84 (H.506) of c. 1749 probably started life as a trio. The most personal of this group of sonatas, it is also the most striking, with an opening Allegro that despite the major key is given an air of affective melancholy by unexpected harmonic shifts. The expressive minor-key Adagio di molto takes the listener into an uneasy, introverted world of dissonant harmony and chromaticism, a mood at once lifted by the cheerful principal theme of the final Allegro assai. Stylistically the most advanced works are the two G Major Sonatas, Wq.85 and 86 (H.508 and 509) dating from 1754 or 1755. Presumably planned as a pair, each is quite differently laid out, Wq.85 opening with an easy-paced Allegretto in an embryonic sonata structure succeeded by a quietly undemonstrative Andantino, whilst Wq.86 reverses the order by placing the quicker movements after an Andante built on a graceful theme that reminds us that Bach did not leave such galant ideas solely to his youngest brother.

© Brian Robbins, 1997

CHRISTOPHER HYDE-SMITH and JANE DODD flute and harpsicord duo

Photo: Christopher Hyde-Smith and Jane DoddChristopher Hyde-Smith and Jane Dodd first performed together at the Stowe Summer School. Here they established an immediate musical rapport and were greatly encouraged by the enormous enthusiasm with which their concerts were received. A regular duo partnership was formed in 1984 following an invitation to play the complete works for flute and keyboard by Bach and Handel as part of the City of London's celebrations for the tercentenary of the birth of these composers.

Christopher and Jane are familiar through their numerous broadcasts on Radio 3 which have included first performances of two works by William Alwyn, the first UK performance of Damase's flute sonata and the first broadcast of Fauré's Morecau de Concours.

They have given highly acclaimed recitals to capacity audiences at the Arundel, Chester, Kingston and Newbury festivals and have played in France, Austria and Malta.

Composers who have written and dedicated works to them Include Philip Gates, Stephen Dodgson (a piece for the flute d'amore) and Edwin Roxburgh (a suite of six movements, each for a differently pitched flute).

Jane and Christopher were married in 1985 and have two daughters.



Produced and recorded by Nicholas Parker
Recorded in St. Bartholemew's Church,19-20 March 1996
Designed by Studio B, The Creative People
Cover photograph of the Pantheon, the,Gothic Cottage &
Turf Bridge, Stourbead, Wiltshire courtesy of Viewfinder

All rights reserved. Unauthorised copying, hiring, lending, public
performance and broadcasting prohibited

Album Information

Instruments: Flute and Harpsicord
Genre: Classical
Format: CD
Our Ref: A0011
MCPS: CD QS 6205
Label: ASV Ltd.
Year: 1997
Origin: UK

Artist Information

Christopher Hyde-Smith & Jane Dodd

Christopher Hyde-Smith & Jane Dodd

Christopher Hyde-Smith and Jane Dodd first performed together at the Stowe Summer School. Here they established an immediate musical rapport and were greatly encouraged by the enormous enthusiasm with which their concerts were received. A regular duo partnership was formed in 1984 following an invitation to play the complete works for flute and keyboard by Bach and Handel as part of the City of London's celebrations for the tercentenary of the births of these composers.

Christopher and Jane are familiar from their numerous broadcasts which have included first performances and for their many concerts and masterclasses throughout the British Isles. They recently gave highly acclaimed recitals to capacity audiences at the Arundel and Chester festivals. They have also played in France and Austria. Future plans include broadcasting the complete works of the French composers 'Les Six', and recently rediscovered works of William Alwyn.

One of their attractions is their very varied repertoire. In addition to being a pianist Jane has a magnificent double manual harpsichord which she can transport, as well as a portable harmonium and an electric keyboard if the venue dictates. Christopher has flutes in six different pitches, which can be used in one work, as well as demonstrating home-made, baroque and classical flutes.

Christopher Hyde-Smith

Christopher Hyde-SmithChristopher Hyde-Smith's flute playing has been compared in the Guardian to Sir Lawrence Olivier's acting in variety of expression, characterization and style. He has played all over the British isles and at many festivals including Aldeburgh, The Three Choirs, North Wales and York. He has made many trips abroad appearing as soloist in France, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Portugal, Scandinavia, Spain and Switzerland as well as North and South America. He has also visited Russia in an ensemble directed by Benjamin Britten. Other distinguished musicians with whom he has performed include Casals, Poulenc, Tortelier and Stravinsky. Christopher has played the Cimarosa Concerto for two flutes with james Galway at the Royal Festival Hall and as concerto soloist he has frequently appeared with the London Mozart Players and also with the London Symphony, Royal Philharmonic, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic, BBC Concert, Scottish and Welsh Orchestras, Philornusica and Northern Sinfonia. Many composers have written and dedicated works to him, among them William Alwyn, Stephen Dodgson, Joseph Horowitz, William Matthias, John Metcalf and Alan Rawsthorne.

Christopher Hyde-Smith is a professor of flute at the Royal College of Music, where he also studied. He was the founding chairman of the British Flute Society. He plays on a golden flute.

Jane and Christopher were married in 1985 and have two daughters.

Christopher Hyde-Smith'Christopher Hyde-Smith is an absolutely first rate flautist...' STEREO REVIEW, USA

'Never in Munich has a flute player had such a success - and well deserved.' SUDDEUTSCHE ZEITUNG

'...... he is among the few [flautists] who are in the finest category.' THE GRAMOPHONE



Jane Dodd

Jane Dodd & Christopher Hyde-Smith

After winning numerous prizes at the Royal College of Music and gaining an honours degree at King'sCollege London, Jane Dodd has spent most of her musical life as an 'unashamed accompanist'. She was a prizewinner in competitions organised by Greater London Arts, Park Lane Group, The Incorporated Society of Musicians, The Worshipful Company of Musicians, and The Kirkman Concert Society. Her recital work has included performances at the Wigmore Hall, Purcell Room, Festival Hall, Albert Hail and St. John's Smith Square. Concert partners have included Jack Brymer, James Galway, Ifor James, Felicity Lott, Robert Tear, Hugh Bean and Douglas Cummings and she regularly partners oboist Andrew Knights and is a member of a piano trio.

Jane has played for BBC Radio Education Programmes and has three times toured the USA. Work has also included accompanying the choir of St. Martin-in-the-Fieldsand playing as orchestral pianist in the BBC Symphony Orchestra. She is no stranger to masterclasses and has acted as official accompanist at the BBC TV 'Young Musician of the Year' competition. Recently she has been teacher and accompanist at the Purcell specialist music school and her work at summer schools takes her to Ramsgate International Summer School and a summer school in the Austrian Tyrol. Pieces have been dedicated to

Jane by composers Dominic Muldowney and David McBride.

"Jane Dodd's accompanying was exemplary.' SUNDAY TIMES

"In Jane Dodd he has found a rare accompanist, outstanding indeed was the quality of artistry and skill." DAILY TELEGRAPH

"Jane Dodd was an unfailing tower of strength throughout a taxing programme." YORKSHIRE POST

Photographs by Fritz Curzon

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